Archives of Current Research International 2019-09-16T12:12:52+00:00 Archives of Current Research International Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Archives of Current Research International (ISSN: 2454-7077)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/ACRI/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘research’. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated.</p> Preliminary Biological Study of Two Medicinal Plants used in the Mouhoun Region (Burkina Faso): Boscia angustifolia A. Rich (Caparaceae) and Gardenia erubescens Stapf & Hutch (Rubiaceae) 2019-09-10T07:28:23+00:00 Jotham Yhi-Pênê N’do Dramane Pare Mahamadi Nikiema Adama Hilou <p><strong>Aims: </strong><em>Boscia agustifolia</em> and <em>Gardenia erubescens</em> are two medicinal plants widely used in the Mouhoun region. The strong use of these two plants in traditional medicine would be linked to their therapeutic virtues.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> The purpose of this work was to carry out a preliminary biological study on two plants widely used by the population of the Mouhoun region (Burkina Faso) against certain diseases<em>.</em></p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The harvest of plant material was made in the Mouhoun region in March 2019. The phytochemistry and the antioxidant tests were carried out at LABIOCA in June 2019. The microorganism tests were carried out at CRSBAN.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The extracts were obtained by ethanolic maceration. The FRAP method and DPPH were used to evaluate the antioxidant properties of the extracts. The antibiomicrobial activity of the extracts was determined using five microbial strains.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The ethanolic extract of <em>Gardenia erubescens</em> bark had antioxidant activity through the iron ion reduction capacity (6.71 ± 1.16 mMol EAA/100 g extract. <em>Boscia angustifolia</em> showed inhibitory activity on the five microbial strains.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The biological activities obtained with these extracts could be justified by the presence of active phytochemicals such as flavonoids. These biological properties to constitute a reason based on the strong use of these two plants in traditional medicine.</p> 2019-09-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sleep Duration in Children and Its Influence on Glucose Homeostasis, Ingestive Behavior and Primary Examination Performance 2019-09-14T07:36:21+00:00 O. N. Ilochi A. N. Chuemere D. V. Dapper F. Saronee I. Ekwem <p>Sleep is a natural periodic state of rest essential for normal psychophysiologic responses. This study revealed the influence of sleep on ingestive behavior, glucose homeostasis and primary examination performance. Six hundred children between 10 to 12 years of age were sampled. The study design included 4 groups, <em>a</em> to <em>d</em>, comprising 150 samples each. Sleep duration was 8pm to 6am, 10pm to 6am, 12am to 6am and 2am to 6am for groups <em>a</em>, <em>b</em>, <em>c </em>and <em>d</em> respectively. The results were collected after careful observation and scientific experimentation. Statistical analysis revealed values to be significantly different (P≤0.05) compared to group <em>a</em>. There was an inverse relationship between duration of sleep, quantity of food ingested and blood glucose level. As the duration of sleep was increased, there was a corresponding improvement in primary examination performance and blood glucose homeostasis. From the outcome of this study, sleep duration may influence ingestive behavior, blood glucose level and primary examination performance.</p> 2019-09-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nigeria Government’s Expenditure on Economic and Social Service Development: A Canonical Correlation Analysis Approach 2019-09-16T12:12:52+00:00 Rafiu Olayinka Akano Samuel Olorunfemi Adams <p>The study examine the effect of Government’s expenditure on economic and social services development in Nigeria over the period of 1961 to 2018. The study used Canonical Correlation Analysis, the test carried out include; Structure Vector for Economic and social Service and Redundancy Index. The result reveals that strong positive relationship exists between national recurrent expenditure and economic service and Social service. The study also discover that Nigeria Government placed more emphasis on other economic services like; Oil and gas, trade, infrastructure and manufacturing, followed by Transport and Communication, Construction, and Agriculture being the least. In the case of the Social service, it was discovered that Nigeria Government placed more emphasis on other social services like; food subsidies, police, fire services, housing, community management, policy research, information and labour, followed by Health, and Education being the least. Based on the findings, the study recommends that, all tiers of government and policy makers should implement policies that will aid improvement in Transportation and Communication, Construction, Agriculture, Health and Education.</p> 2019-09-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##