Golden Camellias: A Review

Main Article Content

Tran Duc Manh
Nguyen Toan Thang
Hoang Thanh Son
Dang Van Thuyet
Phung Dinh Trung
Nguyen Van Tuan
Dao Trung Duc
Mai Thi Linh
Vu Tien Lam
Nguyen Huu Thinh
Nguyen Thi Thu Phuong
Tran Van Do

Abstract

Golden camellias or yellow camellias are species belonging to genus Camellia L., family Theaceae. Fifty two species were described in southern China and Vietnam. Active ingredients such as polysaccharides, polyphenols, saponins, and flavonoids are well known characteristics of golden camellias. Its leaves and flowers have been long traditionally used for health improvement. It was found to be able to inhibit transplanted cancer, lower blood pressure, lower blood lipid, lower cholesterol, and prevent atherosclerosis. Currently, it costs 320–700US$ per one kg of dry flowers. Such price attracts many local ethnic people to plant golden camellias for poverty reduction. This work reviews (1) species and natural distribution, (2) uses and healthcare values, (3) techniques for seedling production, planting and tending, and (4) opportunities and challenges for future development of golden camellias.

Keywords:
Active ingredient, Camellia L., poverty reduction, shade-tolerant species, yellow flower

Article Details

How to Cite
Manh, T. D., Thang, N. T., Son, H. T., Thuyet, D. V., Trung, P. D., Tuan, N. V., Duc, D. T., Linh, M. T., Lam, V. T., Thinh, N. H., Phuong, N. T. T., & Do, T. V. (2019). Golden Camellias: A Review. Archives of Current Research International, 16(2), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2019/v16i230085
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