Ethnotherapeutic Profile of Medicinal Plants Used during Postnatal Recovery (Postpartum) in South Eastern Nigeria: A Review

Main Article Content

V. Adaku Iwueke
C. Ezinne Chukwu


Plant derived bioactive constituent has lead credence to usage of medicinal plants namely spices in postnatal recovery in most cultures especially in South Eastern Nigeria. Postpartum is a critical phase leading to recovery for the nursing mother and improved health condition for the new born. Most of these medicinal plants play important role and are used as diet therapy after childbirth to induce contraction of the uterus, energy induction and improve production of breast milk. A systematic and comprehensive review of these medicinal plants for holistic utilization is pertinent. Therefore, this review validates and highlights the health benefits of medicinal plants used during postpartum period in South Eastern Nigeria.

Postpartum, ethnotherapeutic, profile, recovery

Article Details

How to Cite
Iwueke, V. A., & Chukwu, C. E. (2020). Ethnotherapeutic Profile of Medicinal Plants Used during Postnatal Recovery (Postpartum) in South Eastern Nigeria: A Review. Archives of Current Research International, 20(5), 31-41.
Review Article


Chukwu EC, Osuocha KU, Uhegbu FO. Nutrient composition and selected biochemical effects of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaf extracts in male albino rats. Journal of Forensic Research. 2018;9:1.

Achinewhu SC, Ogbonna CC, Hart AD. Chemical composition of indigenous wild herbs, spices, fruits, nuts and leafy vegetables used as food. Plant Food for Human Nutrition. 1995;48.

Akindahunsi AA, Salawu SO. Phytochemical screening and nutrient anti-nutrient composition of selected tropical green leafy vegetables. African. Journal of Biotechnology. 2005;4:497-501.

Mann A, Ogbadoyi EO. Evaluation of medicinal plants from Nupel and for their in vivo antitrypanosomal activity. American Journal of Biochemistry. 2012;2(1):1-6.

Neelam C, Bairwa R, Sharma K, Chauhan N. Antimicrobial activity of Cassia fistula linn. legumes. International Research Journal of Pharmacy. 2011;2(10):100-102.

Liu HR. Health benefits of fruits and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2003;78:517-520.

Ugbogu AE, Akubugwo EI, Iweala EJJ, Uhegbu FO, Chinyere GC, Obasi NA. Role of phytochemicals in chemoprevention of cancer: A review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences. 2013;2(2):566-575.

Asekun, Adeniyi. Antimicrobila and cytotoxic activities of the fruit essential oil Xylopia aethiopica from Nigeria. Fitoterapia. 2004;75(3):368-370.

Tatsadjieu LN, Ngang JJE, Ngassoum MB, Efoa FX. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of Xylopia aethiopica, Monodora myristica, Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloiles and Zanthoxylum leprieurilfrom Cameroon. Fitoterapia. 2004;74(5):469-472.

Aguoru CU, Pilla C, Olasan JO. Phytochemical screening of Xylopia aethiopica with emphasis on its medicinally active principles. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 2016;10(22):306-309.

Ikeyi PA, Omeh NY. A review of the ethnotherapeutics of medicinal plants used in traditional/alternative medicinal practice in Eastern Nigeria. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 2014;3(1):675-683.

Egharevba RKA, Ikhetus MI. Ethno-medicinal uses of plants in the treatment of skin diseases in Ovia North East, Edo State Nigeria. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Science. 2008;4(1):58 64.

Obute GC. Ethnomedicinal plant resources of Southeastern Nigeria, Ethnobotanical Leaflets. 2005;1(5):3-12.

Akintola OO, Bodede AI, Ogunbanjo OR. Nutritional and medicinal importance of Tetrapleura tetraptera fruits (Aridan). African Journal of Science and Research. 2015;4(6):33-38.

Abii A, Elegalam A. Investigation into the chemical composition of the dry fruit of Tetrapleura tetraptera (Ubukirihu). Journal of Food Technology. 2007;5:229-232.

Okwu DE, Jossiah C. Evaluation of the chemical composition of two Nigerian medicinal plants. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2006;5(4):357-361.

Edeoga HO, Okwu DE, Mbaebie BO. Phytochemical constituents of some Nigerian medicinal plants. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2005;4(7):685-688.

Essien EU, Izunwane BC, Aremu CY, Eka OU. Significance for humans of the nutrient contents of the dry fruit of Tetrapleura tetraptera; 1994.

Ojewole JA, Adewunmi CO. Anti-inflammatory and hypoglycaemic effects of Tetrapleura tetraptera (Taub) (Fabaceae) fruit aqueous extract in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;95(2-3):177–182.

Nwaiwu JI, Akali PA. Anti-convulsant activity of the volatile oil from the fruit of Tetrapleura tetraptera. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 1986;18:103–107.

Neel RV, Najibullah MD, Ibrahim MD. A review on Cucurbita pepo. International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research. 2017;9(9):1190-1194.

Aiyeloja AA, Bello OA. Ethnobotanical potentials of common herbs in Nigeria: A case study of Enugu state. Educational Research and Review. 2006;1(1):16-22.

Koudouvo K, Karou DS, Kokou K, Essien K, Aklikokou K, Glitho IA, Simpore J, Sanogo R, De Souza C, Gbeassor M. An ethnobotanical study of antimalarial plants in Togo Maritime Region. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;134:183–190.

Omale J, Ebiloma UG, Idoko GO. Uvaria chamae (Annonaceae) plant extract neutralizes some biological effects of Naja nigricollis snake venom in rats. British Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology. 2013;4(2):41-50.

Yeboah OK, Osafo N. Review of the ethnomedical, phytochemical, pharmaco-logical and toxicological studies on Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research. 2017;2(3):1-11.

Abere TA, Okoto PE, Agoreyo FO. Antidiarrhoea and toxicological evaluation of the leaf extract of Dissotis rotundifolia triana (Melastomataceae). BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2010;10(71):1-7.

Noumi E, Yomi A. Medicinal plants used in intestinal diseases in Mbalmayo Region. Fitoterapia. 2001;72(3):246–254.

Offor CE. Determination of vitamin composition of Dissotis rotundifolia leaves. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2015;4(1):210-21.

Mshana NR, Abbiw DK, Addae-Mensah I, Adjanohoun E, Ahyi MRA, Ekpere JA, Enow-Orock EG, Gbile ZO, Noamesi GK, Odei MA, Odunlami H, Oteng-Yeboah AA, Sarpong K, Soforowa A, Tackie AN. Traditional medicine and pharmacopoeia contribution to the revision of ethnobotanical and floristic studies in Ghana. Organization of African Unity/Scientific, Technical & Research Commission, Accra; 2000.

Boakye-Gyasi E, Woode E, Ainooson GK, Obiri DD, Ansah C, Duwejua M, Donkoh A. Anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects of an ethanolic extract of Palisota hirsuta K. Schum roots. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 2008;2(9): 191-199.

Francis MS, Francis AA, Isaac KA, Philip KA, Elikplim KA, Nathaniel NDN. Pharmacognostic and physico-chemical investigation of Palisota hirsuta (K. Schum) (Commelinaceae). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2017;6(1):187-191.

Gloria I. Ndukwe, Chukwunonye M. Ojinnaka, Adebola O, Oyedeji NN, Teke A. Antibacterial activity of the fruit of Napoleonaea imperialis P. BEAUV. Journal of Innovation and Research in Health Sciences & Biotechnology. 2015;1(1):1–11.

Ukpabi UH, Ukpabi UJ. Potential of seeds of Napoleona imperialis (p. beauv) as a source of haemolytic saponin and feed ingredients. Livestock Research and Rural Development. 2003;15(4):3-9.