Main Article Content
Aims: The study assessed the determinants of adoption of improved cassava technologies among farmers in Benue state, Nigeria
Study Design: Survey design was used for the study.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out in Benue State, between February 2019 to November 2020.
Methodology: the study comprised all farm families in Benue State. Cluster and simple random sampling techniques were used in the selection of 336 respondents for the study.
Results: The result clearly showed that most of the respondents were in their active and productive age group, both male and female were involved in the production of cassava with the number of male slightly higher than female and that 90% of the farmers have had one form of formal education or another with mean farming experience of 14 years with limited access to extension services. There is high awareness of improved cassava technologies among farmers in Benue state but with moderate to low adoption of improved cassava technologies. The major factors that determined the adoption level in the area included characteristics of an innovation which are availability of inputs 100%, affordability 100%, storability 80.3%, quality of the processed products 81%, and acceptability of the products 95% (349). Others include farming experience 98%, adequate knowledge of the technology 83% (303), extension contact 86%, age 86%, income 85%, marital status 76% and gender 81%.
Conclusion: The major factors that determine the adoption level in the area included characteristics of an innovation which are availability of inputs, affordability, quality of the processed products and acceptability of the products. Others include farming experience, adequate knowledge of the technology, extension contact. It was recommended that extension agents should ensure that improved cassava technologies are accessible by farmers and that farmers acquire the necessary knowledge and skills in using such technologies.
Adofu I, Shaibu SO, Yakubu S. The economic impact of improved agricultural technology on cassava productivity in Kogi State of Nigeria. International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics. 2010; 1(1):63–74.
Pender J, Gebremedhin B. Determinants of agricultural and land management practices and impactsin crop production and household income in highlands of Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Africa Economics. 2006;17(1):395–450.
Datt G, Ravallion M. How Important to India’s Poor is the Sectoral composition of Growth? World Bank Economic Review. 1996;10(1):1–26.
Hossain S, Alamgir M, Croach R. Patterns and Determinants of Adoption of Farm Practices: Some evidence from Bangladesh. Agricultural Systems. 1992; 38(1):1–15.
Mercer E, Pattanayak SK. Agroforestry adoption by smallholders. Forests in a market economy. Forestry Sciences Series. 2003;72(1):283–299.
Heady EO.Economics of Agricultural production and Resource Use. Prentice-Hall, INC, Englewood Cliffs; 1952.
Xingliang M, Guanming S. ADynamic Adoption Model with Bayesian Learning:An Applicationto U.S. Soybean Farmers., Selected Paper prepared for presentation at the Agricultural and Applied Economics Associations 2011 AAEA and NAREA Joint Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July 24-26; 2011.
Rogers EM. Diffusion of innovations, 3rd edition. Rev. ed. of: Communication of innovations. The Free Press, New York, USA; 2003.
Sunding D, Zilberman D. The Agricultural Innovation Process: Research and Technology Adoption in a Changing Agricultural Sector. In: Gardner B, Rausser G (eds) Hand book of Agricultural Economics., Vol.1, Elsevier Science B.V; 2001.
Feder G, Umali DL. The Adoption of Agricultural Innovations:A Review. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 1993;43(1):215–239.
Nweke FL, Akorhe IA. Adoption behavior of Farmers towards yam mini sets technology in Imo State Nigeria.A paper presented at the 25th annual conference of Agricultural Science Society of Nigeria. Federal University of Technology Oweri,5–6th September 1989. 2002;18–21.
Nata JF, Mjelde JW, Boadu FO. Household adoption of soil-improving practices and food insecurity in Ghana. Agriculture & Food Security. 2014;3(1): 17.
Retrieved online November 12, 2014 Available:http://www.agricultureandfoodsecurity.com/content/3/1/17
Pannell DJ, Marshall GR, Barr N, Curtis A, Vanclay F, Wilkinson R. Understanding and promoting adoption of conservation practices by rural landholders. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 2006;46(1):1407–1424.
Omonona BT, Oni OA, Uwagboe AO. Adoption of Improved Cassava Varieties and its Welfare Impact on Rural Farming households in Edo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural and Food Information. 2006;7(1):39–35.
Prokopy LS, Floress K, Klotthor W, Baumgart G. Determinants of agricultural best management practice adoption: Evidence from the literature. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 2008;63(5):300–311.
Shiferaw B, Kebede TA, You L. Technology adoption under seed access constraint and the economic impacts of improved pigeon pea varieties in Tanzania. Agricultural Economics. 2008;39(1):1–15.
Eze C, Ibekwe U, Onoh P, Nwajiuba C. Determinants of Adoption of Improved Cassava Production Technologies Among Farmers In Enugu State of Nigeria. Global Approaches to Extension Practice: A Journal of Agricultural Extension. 2008; 2(1):37–44.
Kassie M, Zikhali P, Manjur K, Edwards S. Adoption of Organic Farming Technologies: Evidence from Semi-Arid Regions of Ethiopia. Working Papers in Economics.; 2009.
Yesuf M, K¨ohlin G. Market imperfections and farm technology adoption decisions: a case study from the highlands of Ethiopia. Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series 4, Gothenburg; 2008.
Owusu V, Donkor E. Adoption of improved cassava varieties in Ghana. Agricultural Journal. 2012;7(2):146–151.
Challa M, Tilahun U. Determinants and Impacts of Modern Agricultural Technology Adoptionin West Wollega: The Case of Gulliso District. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 2014;4(20): 63–77.
Dontsop-Nguezet PM, Diagne A, Okoruwa VO, Ojehomon VET. Impact of Improved Rice Technology Adoption (NERICA varieties) on Income and Poverty among Rice Farming Households in Nigeria:ALocal Average Treatment Effect (LATE) Approach. Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture. 2011;50(3):267–291.
Kijima Y, Otsuka K, Sserunkuuma D. Assessing the impact of NERICA on income and poverty in Central and Western Uganda. Agricultural Economics. 2008;38(1):327–37.
Diagne A. Diffusion and adoption of NERICA rice varieties in Cote d’Ivoire. The Development Economics. 2006;44(2):208–231.
Mendola M. Agricultural technology adoption and poverty reduction: A propensity score matching analysis for rural Bangladesh. Food Policy. 2007; 32(3):372–393.
Adeoye BK, Olaore Y, Aliu B, Adeoye AO. Family Size, Income and Marriage Types as Predictors of Healthy Living: ACase Study of Families in Ogun State. Greener Journal of Social Sciences. 2012;2(6):191–196.
Ojo SO, Ogunyemi AI. Analysis of Factors Influencing the Adoption of Improved Cassava Production Technology in Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. 2014;1(3):40-44.
Anderson JR, Feder G. Agricultural extension: Good intension and hard realities. World Bank Researcher Observer Journal. 2004 ;19(1):41- 60.
Feder GL, Just RE, Zilbernran D. Adoption of Agricultural Innovation in Developing Countries: A Survey. Economic Development and Cultural Change. 1985; 32(2):137-140.
Minten B, Barret C. Agricultural technology productivity and poverty in Madagascar. World Division Journal. 2008;36(5):779- 822.
Ogunlana E. The technology adoption behavior of women farmers: The case of alley farming in Nigeria. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. 2004;19(1): 57-65.
Asmelash Y. Determinants of adoption of upland rice varieties in Fogera District, South Gondar, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development. 2014;8(12):332–338.
National Bureau of statistics; 2016.
Nweke FI, Spencer OSC, Lynam JK. The Cassava Transformation: Africa Best-Kept Secret. East Lansing, Michigan State University Press. 2002;105.
Ojuekaiye EO. Economic Analysis of Cassava Production in Three Local Government Areas of Kogi State. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria; 2001.
Ruben R, Slingerland M, Nijhoff H. Agro-food Chains and Networks for Development. Aad Van Tilburg, Wageningen University. 2006;115.
Afolami CA, Obayelu AE, Vaughan II. Welfare Impact of Adoption of Improved Cassava Varieties by Rural Households in South Western Nigeria. Agricultural and Food Economics. 2015; 3:18.
Oluwasola O. Stimulating rural employment and income for cassava (Manihot spp.) Processing farming households in Oyo State, Nigeria through policy initiatives. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 2010;2(2):18 –25.
Rogers EM, Shoemaker FF. Communication of Innovation: A Cross - cultural Approach, Second Edition. Free Press, New York. 1995;450.
Obeta ME, Nwagbo EC. The Adaptative of Agricultural Innovation in Nigeria; A Case Study of Improved IITA Technology Package in Anambra State in Olukosi J.O., Ogungbile A.O. and Kalu B.A. (eds.) Appropriate Agricultural/Technologies for Resource poor Farmers, A Publication of the Nigeria National Farming Systems Research Networks. 1999;231-245.
Ifeanyi N, Angus N, Chidebelu N. Appropriate agricultural technologies for resource poor farmers. In: Olukosi, J.O; Ogungbile, A.O. and kalu, B. A. (ed). Proceedings of farming systems research work workshop, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. A publication of the Nigerian National Farming Systems Research Network. 1990;47:95–204.
I.A.R. Institute for Agricultural Research (I.A.R), Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (2001): Adoption of improved cowpea technologies in the severe ecology of Nigeria‖. A report of survey conducted on PEDUNE/PRONAF project in Nigeria; 2001.
Abalu GOT, Ega I, Karishnaswan MD, Raza MS. An economicy of Kaduna State Agriculture. Report to the Ministry of Economic Development; 1979.
Adeogun SO, Oluyole KA. Assessment of Awareness and Adoption level of Cocoa Farmers of CRIN by-product Technology in Oluyole LGA of Oyo State. Nigeria Journal of Rural Sociology. 2004;4(1&2) 64-67.
Bamire AS, Fabiyi YL, Manyong VM. Adoption pattern of fertilizer technology among farmers in the ecological zones of South-Western Nigeria: A Tobit analysis. Austr. J. Agric. Res. 2002;53:901-910.
Chianu, Tsuji, Chianu JN, Tsuji H. Determinants of Farmers to Adopt or not to Adopt Inorganic Fertilizer in the Savanna of Northern Nigeria. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystem. Kluvert Academic Publication, Netherlands. 2004;293-301.
Fapojuwo OE. Influence of Socio-economic Characteristics on Use of Modern Cassava Processing Technologies among Women Processors in Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Social Science. 2010; 24(1):43-50.
Voh JP. A Study of Factors Associated with the Adoption of Recommended Farm Practices in Nigerian Villages. Journal of Agricultural Administration. 1982;9(1):5.
Atala TK. Factors affecting adoption of agricultural innovations, usage of source of information and level of living in two Nigerian villages. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, Iowa State University, USA; 1980.
Akpoko, Akpoko JG. (2004): Factors affecting adoption of recommended soil management practices for sustainable agriculture in Kaduna State. Nigeria Savannah Journal, 19 No. 2 pp. 24 – 36. Published byAhmadu Bello University, Zaria; 2004.
Alexander C, Van Mellor T. Determinants of corn rootworm resistant corn adoption in Indiana. AgBioForum. 2005;8(4):197-204.
Nkonya E, Schroeder T, Norman D. Factors affecting adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer in northern Tanzania. Journal of Agricultural Economics. 1997;48(1):1–12.
Osuji I. Institutionalized Factors Associated with Adoption of New Techniques Among Farmers in Eastern Nigeria. The Nigeria Journal of Agricultural Extension. 1983; I(2):45–53.
Laogun E. Evaluation of University–based extension system: A Case study of Rural Development Project. Nigerian Journal of Rural Extension and Development. 1993; 1(2 & 3):29–38.
Audi R. Epistemology. A contemporary introduction. 2nd Edition Routledge; 2003.
Olowu TA. The effect of television farm programme on farmers knowledge of improved farm practices in Oyo State‖: In Olowu, T.A. and Akinwumin, J.A. (eds) Development strategies in 21st century, Nigeria University of Ibadan. 1991;152– 155.
Ndanitsa MA, Umar JS. The method of storage of farm produce by farmers in Niger State of Nigeria. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference of Nigeria Association of Agricultural Economists (NAAE) held at Abuja, October 7th –10th 2008.
Nwaru JC. Rural credit, market and resource use in arable crop production efficiency in Imo State of Nigeria. Ph.D Thesis Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State; 2004.