Assessment of Solid Waste Management Methods in Some Selected Parts of Owerri West, Imo State, Nigeria
Archives of Current Research International, Volume 23, Issue 6,
In many developing countries, improper solid waste management (SWM) poses serious environmental and public health risks. Solid wastes are typically dumped into drains and open areas since they are not collected. The effects of this incident affect both human life and the environment. In addition to identifying sources, types, and defining features of solid waste in the study region, this study aimed to evaluate the current solid waste management methods in three host communities (Eziobodo, Obinze, and Ihiagwa) of the Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo state, Nigeria. A systematic questionnaire was used to collect data for the cross-sectional descriptive study. Four hundred and four (404) copies of the questionnaire were distributed, and a multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted for the selection of respondents and subsequent data collection. The data generated were presented in tables in percentages and were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 22.0. Results obtained from this study show that 52.7% of the respondents were female while 47.3% are male. The age range was between 26 and 35 years. Considering the pattern of waste management practice, the majority of the respondents practice incineration (42.8%), this was followed by recycling (35.9%), and fermentation (11.6%) while composting (9.7%) was the least practiced waste management pattern. Garbage 42.8%, plastics 35.9%, cans 11.6%, and paper 9.7% were the types of solid wastes obtained from this study. The majority of the respondents (42.3%) disposes of waste by themselves while Government/paid collectors constitute only 2.0% of waste disposal method. About 55.4% of the waste is dumped in the gutter/drains, while 34.7%, 5.7%, and 4.2% of the waste are disposed of at nearby bushes, roadsides, and approved dumpsites respectively. The major factor associated with the improper waste disposal method as reported by the majority of respondents 71% (286) was lack of information. According to the study, there is a significant relationship between access to waste dumpsites and environmental sustainability (p= 0.022). There is a need for government to equip rural areas with facilities to dispose of refuse and also place them at a close interval apart from the households so that they can be easily accessed as well as train local residents about how solid waste affects human and environmental health.
- Solid waste
- waste management
- waste disposal
How to Cite
Kumar B, Balaram P, Binod K. An Analysis of Household demand for improved Solid Waste Management in Birendranager Municipality, Nepal. International Journal of EnergyEconomics and Policy. 2017;7(41): 83-89.
Ugwu KC, Echiegu EA, Okonkwo WI. Solid Waste Generation and Management in Nsukka Urban, Enugu State, Nigeria. World Journal of Engineering and Technology. 2018;4(1):21-34.
Ogwueleka TC. Municipal Solid Waste Characteristics and management in Nigeria, Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering. 2009; 6(3):44-50.
Adogu POU, Uwakwe KA, Egenti NB, Okwuoha AP, Nkwocha IB. Assessment of waste management practices among residents of Owerri Municipal Imo State Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Protection. 2015;6:446-456.
Nationa Population Comission; 2016.
Yamane T. Statistics: An Introductory Analysis, 2nd edition, New York: Harper and Row; 1967.
Abel O A. An Analysis of Solid Waste Generation in a Traditional African City: The Example of Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Environment and Urbanization, SAGE Journals. 2009;19(2):527- 537.
Zawde TT, Zemenu TA, Mohamed IA. Assessment of solid waste management practices in Kebridehar city Somali regional state, Ethiopia. Heliyon. 2020; (8):e10451
Fakere AA, Fadairo G, Oriye O. Domestics waste management and urban residential environment: Focus on Akure, Nigeria. International Journal of engineering and Technology. 2012;2(5): 878-887.
Oreyemi MK. Ecological Sanitation of Water and Environmental Conservation Technology Option: The case of slums in Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal African Environmental Issues. 2005;3:12-15.
Odonkor ST, Frimpong K, Kurantin N. An assessment of house-hold solid waste management in a large Ghanaian district, Heliyon. 2020;(6):1e03040.
Shamaki SB, Shehu AA. Assessment of solid waste management in sokoto metropolis. Journal of Agriculture and Environment. 2017;2(13):159-167.
Kasala S. Critical analysis of the challenges of solid waste management initiatives in Keko Machungwa informal settlement, Dar Es Salaam. Journal of Environmental Protection. 2014;5: 1064–74.
Tyagi V, Fantaw S, Sharma HR. Municipal solid waste Management in Debre Berhan City of Ethiopia. Journal of Environmental Earth Science. 2014;4(5): 98–103.
Afangideh AI, Joseph KU, Atu JE. Attitude of urban dwellers to waste disposal and management in Calabar, Nigeria. European Journal of Sustainable Development. 2012;1(1): 22-34.
Nwosu AO, Chukwueloka HE. A review of Solid Waste Management Strategies in Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Earth Science. 2020;10(6):132-134.
Nwaka GI. Treating people and Communities as Assets; 2012.
Retrieved February 6, 2022.
Ukala DC, Akaun I, Owamah HI. A review of solid waste management practice in Nigeria. NIPES Journal of Science and Technology Research. 2020;2(3):169-174.
Izugbara CO, Umoh JO. Indigenous Waste Management Practices among the Ngwa of Southeastern Nigeria: Some lessons and policy implications. Environmentalist. 2013;24:87-92.
Ezeah C. Analysis of Barriers and Success factors affecting the adoption of sustainable management of municipal solid waste in Abuja, Nigeria. A PhD thesis submitted to University of Wolverhampton; 2010.
Amasuomo E, Baird J. The concept of waste and waste management. Journal of Management and Sustainability. 2016;6(4):88-96.
Adogwu POU, Uwakwe KA, Egenti NB, Okwuoha AP, Mkwocha IB. Assessment of Waste Management Practices among Residents of Owerri Municipal Imo State. Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Protection. 2015;6:446-456.
Abstract View: 25 times
PDF Download: 15 times