Effectiveness of Cordia verbenacea and Propolis as Irrigation Solution on the Bond Strength of Filling Material to the Root Dentin: In vitro Study

Gabriel Kennedy Barroso

Department of Dentistry, School of Biological and Health Sciences, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri – UFVJM, Diamantina, MG, Brazil.

Kaio Henrique Soares

Department of Dentistry, School of Biological and Health Sciences, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri – UFVJM, Diamantina, MG, Brazil.

Ângelo Fonseca Silva

School of Dentistry, Faculdades Unidas do Norte Minas – Funorte, MG, Brazil.

Thiago Fonseca-Silva *

Department of Dentistry, School of Biological and Health Sciences, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri – UFVJM, Diamantina, MG, Brazil.

Carolina Carvalho de Oliveira Santos

Department of Dentistry, School of Biological and Health Sciences, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri – UFVJM, Diamantina, MG, Brazil.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Introduction: Endodontic treatment aims to eliminate pathological microbiota from root canals to prevent or treat infections in periapical tissues. Irrigation is a crucial step in this process, serving important mechanical, chemical, and biological functions.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of irrigation with Cordia verbenacea and propolis solutions compared to chlorhexidine and sodium hypochlorite on the bond strength of the filling material to the root dentin.

Materials and Methods: This In vitro experimental study involved 40 healthy human premolars subjected to the push-out test. The teeth underwent decoronation, followed by biomechanical endodontic preparation using mechanized files. The teeth were then divided into four groups according to the irrigating solution: NaOCl 5.25%, chlorhexidine 2%, aqueous extract of Cordia verbenacea and aqueous extract of propolis. Data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance and the Post-Hoc Bonferroni test.

Results: The group irrigated with propolis showed greater resistance to the push-out test in the middle and apical thirds when compared to the other groups (p<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences among the other groups.

Conclusion: Irrigation with propolis extract resulted in higher bond strength of the obturating material to the root canal, while irrigation with Cordia verbenacea showed similar results to chlorhexidine and sodium hypochlorite.

Keywords: Endodontics, natural products, phytotherapy, root canal irrigants


How to Cite

Barroso, G. K., Soares, K. H., Silva, Ângelo F., Fonseca-Silva, T., & Santos, C. C. de O. (2024). Effectiveness of Cordia verbenacea and Propolis as Irrigation Solution on the Bond Strength of Filling Material to the Root Dentin: In vitro Study. Archives of Current Research International, 24(4), 11–18. https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2024/v24i4655

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