Green Thumb, Rich Harvest: Exploring Bioactive Compounds in Horticulture

T. Senthilkumar

Department of Nematology, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu -622303, India.

S. Jaya Prabhavathi

Department of Agricultural Entomology, Regional Research Station, Vridhachalam, Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu, India.

G. Gomadhi

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tindivanam, Villupuram district, Tamil Nadu, Pin Code: 604 102, India.

A. Krishnaveni

Department of Environmental Sciences, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Vazhavachanur, Thiruvannamalai District, Tamil Nadu, India.

A. Punitha

Department of Horticulture, Rice Research Station, Tirur, Tamil Nadu, India.

S.Anandha Krishnaveni

Department of Agronomy, ADAC and RI, Trichy, Tamil Nadu, India.

D. Vidhya

Department of Fruit Science, Horticultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Coimbatore -3, India.

G. Malathi *

Department of Horticulture, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Sandhiyur, Salem, Tamil Nadu, Pin – 636, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Horticulture, beyond its aesthetic allure, unveils a world rich in bioactive compounds with profound implications for human health and environmental sustainability. This abstract explores the diverse array of bioactive compounds found in horticultural crops and their potential benefits. Phytochemicals, such as phenolics, flavonoids, alkaloids, and terpenoids, are key players, contributing to plant defense mechanisms and human health. Polyphenols, including flavonoids, exhibit antioxidant properties, reducing the risk of chronic diseases. Glucosinolates in cruciferous vegetables showcase anticancer potential, while essential oils in aromatic herbs offer antimicrobial benefits. Importantly, the cultivation and consumption of bioactiverich horticultural crops promote sustainable agriculture by reducing chemical inputs and enhancing biodiversity. By harnessing the therapeutic potential of nature's pharmacy, horticulture emerges as a pivotal force in fostering human wellbeing and environmental resilience.

Keywords: Plant extracts, conventional and green extraction, bioactive compounds, antioxidant effect


How to Cite

Senthilkumar , T., Prabhavathi , S. J., Gomadhi , G., Krishnaveni , A., Punitha , A., Krishnaveni, S., Vidhya , D., & Malathi , G. (2024). Green Thumb, Rich Harvest: Exploring Bioactive Compounds in Horticulture. Archives of Current Research International, 24(5), 241–250. https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2024/v24i5698

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