Signalling: Growth Promoters and Inhibitors

Immadisetty Mohan *

School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India.

Rubina Gill

School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India.

Kopparthi Vijayaram Reddy

School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India.

Akkiraju Tejasree

School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Plant growth and development are intricately regulated by a multitude of signaling pathways that respond to internal and external cues. Central to these regulatory mechanisms are the signaling pathways of growth promoters and inhibitors. Various growth-promoting hormones, including auxins, cytokinins, gibberellins, and brassinosteroids, stimulate cell division, elongation, and differentiation, playing vital roles in shaping plant architecture and influencing various developmental processes. The pathways of these growth promoters involve specific receptors and transcription factors that orchestrate growth in response to dynamic signals. In contrast, growth inhibitors, represented by hormones like abscisic acid, ethylene, jasmonic acid, and salicylic acid, act as crucial checkpoints that restrict growth during stress, pathogen attacks, or other adverse conditions. These signaling pathways trigger growth inhibition and activate defense mechanisms, enabling plants to adapt to challenging environments. Balancing the interplay between growth promoters and inhibitors allows plants to allocate resources efficiently and ensure their survival under changing circumstances. Understanding these signaling pathways is not only fundamental to plant biology but also essential for applications in agriculture, horticulture, and environmental management. This abstract provides a concise overview of these essential processes. This knowledge enables us to manipulate plant growth and development for improved crop yields, disease resistance, and stress tolerance. Ongoing research continues to unravel the complexities of these pathways, offering valuable insights into how plants delicately balance growth promotion and inhibition to thrive in an ever-evolving world.

Keywords: Auxin, brassinosteroids, cytokinin, ethylene, gibberellin, salicylic acid


How to Cite

Mohan , I., Gill , R., Reddy , K. V., & Tejasree , A. (2024). Signalling: Growth Promoters and Inhibitors. Archives of Current Research International, 24(5), 295–311. https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2024/v24i5705

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