Estimation of Cost and Income of Onion Production: A Case Study of Ballia District of Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India

Ram Tirath *

Department of Agricultural Economics, Sri Murli Manohar Town Post Graduate College, Jananayak Chandrashekhar University Ballia, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Annapurna Panday

Department of Agricultural Economics, Sri Murli Manohar Town Post Graduate College, Jananayak Chandrashekhar University Ballia, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Munendra Pal

Department of Soil Conversation, Sri Murli Manohar Town Post Graduate College, Ballia, India.

Hraday Kumar

Department of Agricultural Economics, BRD PG College, Deoria, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The system of India’s economy predominantly depends on agriculture. It is contains attractive good qualities of calories. The present research study on entitled “Estimation of Cost and Income of Onion Production: A Case Study of Ballia District of Eastern Uttar Pradesh This research article focused on the following specific objectives are (1) To work out the cropping intensity, costs-return and input-output relationship of onion cultivation in the district and second objectives (2) To find out the constraints in production of onion confronted by Farmers. Multistage stages sampling technique were used for selection of respondent. Primary data was collected by personal interview methods with the use of pre structured and pre listed schedule questionnaire. Finally 100 farmers were selected randomly from four selected villages. The data were related to the Rabi season in the agriculture cropping year 2021-22. Overall average costs of cultivation of respondent were found per hectare to be Rs. 111493.95. The higher costs of cultivation were observed on medium farms to Rs.118430.40 fallowed by small farms and marginal as Rs.109070.72 and Rs.106980.72 per hectare respectively. Per quintal cost of production and ratio of cost of Input –output analysis were calculated cost A1 toC1, C2 and C3 basis.

Keywords: Onion cultivation, input-output ratio, optimum output constraints, farmer, Ballia, Uttar Pradesh India


How to Cite

Tirath, R., Panday, A., Pal, M., & Kumar, H. (2024). Estimation of Cost and Income of Onion Production: A Case Study of Ballia District of Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. Archives of Current Research International, 24(5), 332–342. https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2024/v24i5709

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