Study on Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites Filled with Nano Egg-shell Powder

Subhrajit Ray *

Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, CAET, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, India.

Sourajit Acharya

Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, CAET, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, India.

Prasanta Kumar Barik

Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, CAET, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, India.

Sonali Das

Department of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, CAET, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Polymeric materials, when reinforced with synthetic fibers like glass, carbon, and aramid, offer notable advantages including increased stiffness and strength-to-weight ratio compared to conventional materials such as wood, concrete, and steel. Among these options, glass fiber stands out due to its affordability and widespread availability. Glass fiber reinforced polymer composites exhibit moderate mechanical properties, which can be significantly enhanced by incorporating nano fillers like eggshell powder. This study explores the utilization of nano eggshell powder as well as methods for effectively integrating nano fillers into polymer composites to create value-added products. Four types of composites, varying in weight proportions of nano eggshell powders, were prepared using the hand lay-up technique for mechanical and thermal characterizations. Various mechanical properties including tensile strength, flexural strength, impact behavior, as well as thermal properties via TGA and DMA analysis were investigated. The results indicate that incorporating the optimal amount of nano fillers significantly improves the overall strength of glass fiber reinforced composite materials, leading to cost savings of over 30%. This suggests that nano eggshell fillers hold great potential in composite manufacturing, particularly for substituting high-cost glass fibers in low load-bearing applications.

Keywords: Composite, egg shell powder, mechanical properties, TGA, DMA

How to Cite

Ray, S., Acharya, S., Barik, P. K., & Das, S. (2024). Study on Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites Filled with Nano Egg-shell Powder. Archives of Current Research International, 24(5), 360–369.


Download data is not yet available.


Chawla KK. Composite materials: Science and engineering: Springer; 1998.

Kutz M. Mechanical Engineers Handbook, Third Edition, John Wiley and Sons Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey; 2000.

Chandra R, Singh SP, Gupta K. Damping studies in fiber reinforced composites: A review. 2010;41-51.

Panchal M, Raghavendra G, Prakash MO, Ojha S. Effects of environmental conditions on erosion wear of eggshell particulate epoxy composites. Silicon. 2018;10(2):627-634.

Rafique I, Kausar A, Muhammad B. Epoxy resin composite reinforced with carbon fiber and inorganic filler: Overview on preparation and properties. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2016;55(15):1653-1672.

Gajapriya M, Somasundaram J, Geetha RV. Fillers in resin- composite advances. European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine. 2020;7(01):2020.

Owuamanam S, Cree D. Progress of bio-calcium carbonate waste eggshell and seashell fillers in polymer composites: A review. Journal of Composites Science. 2020;4(2):70.

Shin LJ, Dassan B, Emayaruba G, Abidin Z, Shukur M, Anjang A. Tensile and compressive properties of glass fiber-reinforced polymer hybrid composite with eggshell powder. Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering. 2020;45(7):5783-5791.

Balguri, Praveen Kumar, DG Harris Samuel, and Udayabhaskararao Thumu. A review on mechanical properties of epoxy nanocomposites. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2021;44:346-355.

Elmasry, Ahmed, Wiyao Azoti, Sherif A. El-Safty, Ahmed Elmarakbi. A comparative review of multiscale models for effective properties of nano-and micro-composites. Progress in Materials Science. 2023;132:101022.

Afshari M, Bakhshi S, Samadi MR, Afshari H. Optimizing the mechanical properties of TiO2/PA12 nano‐composites fabricated by SLS 3D printing. Polymer Engineering & Science. 2023;63(1):267-280.

Kabasakal Y, Baysal E, Babahan-Bircan I, Altay Ç, Toker H. Investigation of some physical and mechanical properties of wood coated with plant-oil based epoxide nanocomposite materials. Progress in Organic Coatings. 2023;176: 107383.

Owuamanam S, Soleimani M, Cree DE. Fabrication and characterization of bio-epoxy eggshell composites. Applied Mechanics. 2021;2(4):694-713.

Toro P, Quijada R, Yazdani-Pedram M, Arias JL. Eggshell, a new bio-filler for polypropylene composites. Materials letters. 2007;61(22):4347-4350.

Ji G, Zhu H, Qi C, Zeng M. Mechanism of interactions of eggshell microparticles with epoxy resins. Polymer Engineering & Science. 2009;49(7):1383-1388.

Sutapun W, Pakdeechote P, Suppakarn N, Ruksakulpiwat Y. Application of calcined eggshell powder as functional filler for high density polyethylene. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2013;52(10): 1025-1033.

Intharapat P, Kongnoo A, Kateungngan K. The potential of chicken eggshell waste as a bio-filler filled epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) composite and its properties. Journal of Polymers and the Environment. 2013;21(1):245-258.

Singh JK, Rout AK. Characterization of raw and alkali-treated cellulosic fibers extracted from Borassus flabellifer L. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery. 2022;1-14.

Hamdi WJ, Habubi NF. Preparation of epoxy chicken eggshell composite as thermal insulation. Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society. 2018;54(2): 231-235.

Viretto A, Jasinski E, Lafon-Pham D, Otazaghine B, Sonnier R, Taguet A. A new method based on TGA/FTIR coupling to quantify the different thermal degradation steps of EVA/HNT composites prepared by different processing. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis. 2024;177:106276.

Khui PLN, Rahman R, Ahmed AS, Kuok KK, Bakri MK, Tazeddinova D, Torebek B. Morphological and Thermal properties of composites prepared with poly (lactic acid), poly (ethylene-alt-maleic anhydride), and biochar from microwave-pyrolyzed jatropha seeds. BioResources. 2021;16(2):3171-3185.

Ahmad MAA, Majid MA, Ridzuan MJM, Mazlee MN, Gibson AG. Dynamic mechanical analysis and effects of moisture on mechanical properties of interwoven hemp/ polyethylene terephthalate (PET) hybrid composites. Construction and Building Materials. 2018; 179:265-276.