Archives of Current Research International 2020-10-28T19:05:02+00:00 Archives of Current Research International Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Archives of Current Research International (ISSN: 2454-7077)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/ACRI/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘research’. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated.</p> To Be Or Not To Be? What Makes a Child Dyslexic: An Overview on Risk Factors and Correlated Clinical Aspects 2020-10-28T19:05:02+00:00 Claudio Rosa Carlo Aleci <p>Developmental dyslexia, one of the most common neuro-developmental disorders, is frequently under-diagnosed or diagnosed late. Despite there is consensus on the neurobiological and genetic basis and on the environmental influence, the multi-faceted aspects of dyslexia and the complexity of its phenotypic expression hinder the identification of the risk factors. Indeed, determining risk factors and understanding how they predispose to the reading disability is important for an early diagnosis and a satisfactory rehabilitative outcome. The aim of this paper is therefore to provide an overview on the genetic, biochemical, anatomical and environmental variables involved in the pathogenesis of developmental dyslexia, and on the visual-perceptual aspects that characterize children who struggle to read.</p> 2020-09-07T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Properties of Generalized 6-primes Numbers 2020-10-28T19:05:01+00:00 Yüksel Soykan <p><span class="fontstyle0">In this paper, we introduce the generalized 6-primes sequence and we deal with, in detail, three special cases which we call them 6-primes, Lucas 6-primes and modified 6-primes sequences.&nbsp;We present Binet’s formulas, generating functions, Simson formulas, and the summation formulas&nbsp;for these sequences. Moreover, we give some identities and matrices related with these sequences.</span> </p> 2020-09-09T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Appraising the Impact of Naraj Barrage on Sedimentation of Chilika Lagoon; the Soft Computing Model for Prediction 2020-10-28T19:05:00+00:00 Siba Prasad Mishra Ananta Charan Ojha <p>Estimation of suspended sediment transport in a catchment area is very important to manage water resources, construction of dam and barrage, as well as to protect the surrounding environment. The daily monsoon sediment and flow were observed physically and quantity of total sediment input by the two major rivers of the south Mahanadi deltaic rivers to Lagoon Chilika were calculated during pre Naraj barrage (FY 2000 to 2003) and post Naraj Barrage period (FY’s 2004, 2012, 2013) establishing an observatory in the rivers the Daya and the Bhargovi.[b] The non-linear complex relationship between quantity of suspended sediment transport and volume of river-discharge inflicts challenge to the estimation process. In this paper, two southern-most distributaries, the Daya and the Bhargovi of the Mahanadi River System which flow into Chilika lagoon are studied. Random Forest, an ensemble machine learning algorithm is used to estimate the transport of sediment by these two distributaries using predictive modeling. Predicted figures based on the gathered data from these distributaries during pre-barrage period 2000-2003 have been compared with the observed data gathered in post-barrage years 2004, 2012 and 2013. Comparative data suggests that the construction of Naraj barrage has significantly reduced the concentration of sediment influx into Chilika lagoon while controlling the discharge through effective barrage management.</p> 2020-09-22T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Farmers Knowledge, Practices and Health Problems Associated with Pesticides Use in West Tripoli, Libya 2020-10-28T19:04:59+00:00 Hamza S. Abdalla Lagili Hesham Ayouz Serife Gunduz Ndifreke Etuk Williams Olusola Bamisile Onyinyechi Jas Kamalu <p><strong>Aims: </strong>This study focuses on farmers’ knowledge, practices and health problems associated with pesticide use in west Tripoli, Libya.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> This study concentrated on the farmer being above 18 years, a permanent resident in the study area and the respondent’s willingness obliged to the study protocols and complete the study.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The study is a cross-sectional one among 300 farmers in the West Tripoli district of the Libya which concentrated on the adult population conducted in 2017.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The associations between pesticide-handling practices, knowledge and attitude and factors potentially influencing them were explored by means of t-test, ANOVA and descriptive statistics using the statistical software SPSS 20.0. The reliability of the construct was examined using Cronbach’s alpha which was not below 0.700 indicating excellent internal consistency.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Farmers re-spray the crops with surplus pesticide mixture. They throw away surplus pesticide mixture on uncultivated land wash and reuse emptied pesticide containers to store water. Knowledge associated with pesticide use and practices associated with it was also not statistically significant related to attitudes towards educational level. Awareness of pesticide use and handling and therefore showed that there was no statistically significant difference between a male and female farmers’ awareness of pesticide use and handling. There is no significant relationship between farmer’s monthly income and knowledge regarding pesticide use and there was linear relationship practices with respect to pesticides used and symptoms experienced after exposure to pesticides. Level of education affect farmer’s knowledge and practices associated with pesticide use and the ANOVA, F = 1.489 and p =.000 (&gt; 0.05) suggests that the test was not statistically significant, on how gender affect the awareness of pesticide use and handling the result showed that there was no statistically significant difference (t (298) = -.460, p = .664 &gt; 0.05) between male and female farmers’ awareness of pesticide use and handling. Therefore, male and female gender do not affect the awareness of pesticide use and handling.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The results of farmers practices regarding the use of protective measures and hygiene practices with the potential for exposure to pesticides indicates that farmers use gloves, face mask, respirator and boots. Moreover, the farmers keep their working clothe at home and the spraying methods used are knapsack, hand- held can, and tractor and can be concluded that the danger of exposure increase when farmers disregard safety directives on the correct utilization of pesticides, PPE utilization and using sanitary practices.</p> 2020-10-12T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of Control on the Mathematical Model of Hepatitis B Virus with Infective Migrant 2020-10-28T19:04:57+00:00 Folahan S. Akinboro T. O. Oluyo O. O. Kehinde S. Alao <p>The transmission dynamics of Hepatitis B Virus in a population with infective immigrant is presented with the inclusion of an optimal control strategy to curtail the spread of the virus. To understand the spread of this infection, we develop a mathematical model with control variables of migrant screening and public sensitization. The optimality system is characterized using Pontryagin’s maximum principle and solve numerically with an implicit finite difference method.&nbsp; Result of the numerical simulation is presented to illustrate the feasibility of this control strategy. The analysis reveals that combination of both control variables could be the most fruitful way to reduce the incidence of Hepatitis B virus.</p> 2020-10-13T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##