Archives of Current Research International <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Archives of Current Research International (ISSN: 2454-7077)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/ACRI/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘research’. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated.</p> en-US (Archives of Current Research International) (Archives of Current Research International) Sat, 12 Dec 2020 10:54:15 +0000 OJS 60 Led Light in Epidermis Hyperpigmentation <p>Aging is a natural process that causes several changes in the body, especially the skin with the loss of tonicity and brightness, which makes frequent the search for longevity in society, and over time, dissatisfaction with the external image of the body worsens, so health care and skin have become a primary factor for self-esteem, social relations and quality of life. LED is a phototherapy feature that has been used for the treatment of skin hyperpigmentation. This research aims within this spectrum to analyze the results of the effect of LED light on hyperpigmentation in the epidermis. Systematic literature review through bibliographic research in the electronic databases of the Virtual Health Library - VHL: Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS); Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), Pubmed-NCBI and Google Scholar, using the descriptors: hyperpigmentation, LED light, bleaching, epidermis, rejuvenation, and aesthetics. We analyzed 5 original articles that present similar objectives among themselves, seeking to understand the use of LED in the bleaching of hyperpigmentation of the epidermis and its other beneficial effects on the skin. Because of the studies, it can be concluded that LED light is an effective option not only in the bleaching of epidermis hyperpigmentation but also in other aspects such as hydration, rejuvenation, viço, and skin quality.</p> Ana Karoline Campos Araújo, Nicole Krystie Barbosa Naves, Florence Germaine Tible Lainscek, Sávia Denise Silva Carlotto Herrera, Livia Gomes de Oliveira, Taynara Dantas Batista, Paula Leylane Tavares Brito, Wellington Carlos da Silva, Elaine Mayra Teixeira Pereira, Joaquim Celito Lopes Batista, Tayla Querido Santos Disconzi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 12 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Determinants of Adoption of Improved Cassava Technologies among Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria <p><strong>Aims: </strong>The study assessed the determinants of adoption of improved cassava technologies among farmers in Benue state, Nigeria</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong>&nbsp; Survey design was used for the study.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The study was carried out in Benue State, between February 2019 to November 2020.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> the study comprised all farm families in Benue State. Cluster and simple random sampling techniques were used in the selection of 336 respondents for the study.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The result clearly showed that most of the respondents were in their active and productive age group, both male and female were involved in the production of cassava with the number of male slightly higher than female and that 90% of the farmers have had one form of formal education or another with mean farming experience of 14 years with limited access to extension services. There is high awareness of improved cassava technologies among farmers in Benue state but with moderate to low adoption of improved cassava technologies. The major factors that determined the adoption level in the area included characteristics of an innovation which are availability of inputs 100%, affordability 100%, storability 80.3%, quality of the processed products 81%, and acceptability of the products 95% (349). Others include farming experience 98%, adequate knowledge of the technology 83% (303), extension contact 86%, age 86%, income 85%, marital status 76% and gender 81%.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The major factors that determine the adoption level in the area included characteristics of an innovation which are availability of inputs, affordability, quality of the processed products and acceptability of the products. Others include farming experience, adequate knowledge of the technology, extension contact. It was recommended that extension agents should ensure that improved cassava technologies are accessible by farmers and that farmers acquire the necessary knowledge and skills in using such technologies.</p> Juliet Ogadinma Onyemma, Nnaemeka Charles Onyemauwa, Uwandu Queen Chioma, Solomon Chimela Nwafor ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 19 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Self-report Oriented Toward Visuoperceptive and Visuomotor Alterations for the Early Identification of Dyslexic Children <p><strong>Background: </strong>Early diagnosis is the main requisite for rehabilitating children suspected to suffer from dyslexia, and self-reports may be as reliable as ordinary screenings, but far less expensive. Research shows that the visual function can be involved in the pathogenesis of dyslexia so that self-reports should inquire about visual signs as well. A questionnaire made of 21 items that provide scores based on the visual signs commonly reported by dyslexics and on the most relevant comorbidities according to the literature has been devised. The aim of this exploratory study is to evaluate its potential for the early identification of dyslexic children.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The AAP-DD is a set of 21 items subdivided into 4 sections that inquire about visual signs (section S), fatty acid deficiency, inheritance of dyslexia, and related conditions in children and parents. Each item is assigned a specific visuomotor and visuosensory weight in the form of a coefficient. The parents of twenty-three dyslexic children (9.34±0.80 years) and twenty-four normal readers filled the questionnaire. To assess the correspondence between the outcome of the questionnaire and the actual visual function of each participant, spatial relationship perception and ocular movements have been tested psychophysically.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The score of the dyslexic sample was almost double (i.e. worse) compared to the control group (<em>P </em>&lt;.0001). Sensitivity and specificity were, respectively, 87% and 62%. Section S was the most informative, accounting for up to 41% of the variance of the reading rate. Correlation between the DEM and the AAP-DD scores suggests the questionnaire reflects the actual visuomotor condition of the subject.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The AAP-DD seems promising to screen children at risk for dyslexia, and is, therefore, worth to be further investigated in a larger population. The obtained results support the role of the visual function in the pathogenesis of this condition.</p> Carlo Aleci, Claudio Rosa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000