Open Access Original Research Article

Modified Preston-Bennett Method for Estimation of Adult Mortality in Developing Countries

Eleazar C. Nwogu, Felix N. Nwobi, Chinonso O. Okoro

Archives of Current Research International, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/acri/2021/v21i530244

This study proposes a modified Preston-Bennett method for the estimation of adult mortality in developing countries. Unlike the previous method, the proposed method derives estimates of adult mortality directly from the 5-year age distribution at the mid-point of the inter-censal period. In other words, it does not convert the 5-year age distributions to single years before estimation. Results obtained from empirical studies compared favourably well with those from the original Preston-Bennett method and therefore, recommend for the estimation of adult mortality in developing countries.

Open Access Original Research Article

The use of Geoelectrical Methods for Delineation of Lead-Zinc Mineralization: A Case Study of Eziama Village, Abia State, South- East, Nigeria

O. J. Airen, D. A. Babaiwa

Archives of Current Research International, Page 16-22
DOI: 10.9734/acri/2021/v21i530245

2D Electrical Resistivity (ER) and Instantaneous Potential (IP) geophysical techniques were used at Eziama village in Abia state of Nigeria to investigate possible Pb-Zn mineralization. The dipole-dipole electrode configuration was employed for data acquisition and Earth Imager software was used for inversion of the acquired data. The analysis of the result of the study showed the presence of the Pb-Zn ore along traverses 1, 2 and 3 while traverses 4 and 5 appear barren. Along traverse 1, the mineralized zone falls within the fractured basement and is characterized by low resistivity (about 316 – 5623 ohm-m) and high chargeability (33.2 – 128 ns) at lateral distance of 73 – 103 m. On traverse two, the ore body was identified at lateral distance of about -18 to 53 m as delineated on the IP structure with resistivity and chargeability of the anomalous zone ranging from 4.6 – 677 ohm-m and 41.8 – 142 ns respectively at depth of about 21.4 m while on traverse three, two ore bodies labeled a, a’ and b, b’ on the ER and IP cross-sections were delineated at lateral distance of about -130 to -93 m and 78 to 98 m respectively with depth to the top of the suspected ore bodies ranging from about 7.1 m for body ‘a’ and about 14.3 m for ‘a’. Traverses four and five however showed no prospect for Pb-Zn mineralization.

The result of this investigation has once again demonstrated the usefulness of combined electrical resistivity and induced polarization techniques in solid mineral exploration.

Open Access Original Research Article

Haematology and Serum Biomakers of Broiler Birds Fed Graded Levels of Clove (Sygzium aromaticum (L.) Buds Meal in Semi Arid Nigeria

H. B. Usman, K. M. Aljameel, M. M. Mika’ilu, S. A. Maigandi, A. Z. Sanusi, S. Ibrahim

Archives of Current Research International, Page 23-29
DOI: 10.9734/acri/2021/v21i530246

The study investigated the effect of graded levels of cloves bud powder on broiler birds. The study was conducted using a total of 288 broiler birds in a Completely Randomized Design Four treatments; four experimental diets where formulated and designated as T1 (control), T2 (0.5kg/100kg), T3 (1Kg/100kg) and T4 (1.5kg/100Kg). At the end of the feeding trial (eighth week), fifteen birds (5 per replicate) from each treatment group were randomly selected for blood collection. About 2ml of blood were collected per bird. Birds in treatment 4 (1.5kg/100kg) had the highest (P<0.05) concentration of haemoglobin and PCV compared to treatment 1 (control) and 3 (1kg/100kg). Significant difference (P<0.05) was observed in albumin, globulin, total protein, HDL, cholesterol, urea, AST and ALT. The result shows that birds fed 1.5/100kg clove buds meal have higher albumin, globulin and total protein. The study conclude that inclusion of clove buds meal up to 1.5/100kg in diet of broiler birds without adverse effect  as in indicated by haematological and serum biochemical of the birds in this study.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessing the Heamatology of Uda Rams Fed Graded Levels of Processed Cassava (Manihot esculentus L.) Peels

M. M. Mika’ilu, A. A. Kwaido, S. A. Maigandi, I. M. Ribah, K. M. Aljameel, A. K. Muhammad

Archives of Current Research International, Page 30-37
DOI: 10.9734/acri/2021/v21i530247

The experiment was carried out at Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero using thirty two (32) yearlings Uda Rams in two feeding trials ran concurrently. Sixteen (16) rams were used in each experiment with four treatments replicated four times in a completely randomized factorial design (2 × 4). The animal represents the replicates while the processing method (drying and ensiling) and the level of inclusion represents the treatments respectively. The level of inclusion are 0, 10, 20 and 30% dried cassava peels (DCP) and ensiled cassava peels (ECP) respectively. Data were collected in each trial on hematological characteristics. Data generated was subjected to analysis of variance and least significant difference (LSD) was used to separate the means. Hematological values of rams fed DCP were within the normal range while those fed ECP were below the normal range. The results shows significant difference (P<0.05) between dried and ensiled method of processing in terms of haemoglobin, MCH, WBC and MCV. Rams fed dried cassava peels had lower haemoglobin and PCV compared to normal range. It was concluded that there was no significant difference between rams fed dried cassava peels and those fed ensiled cassava peels at 30% level of inclusion.

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparing Glycemic Indices among Different Ethnic Groups Residing in Yenegoa, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Jonathan Nyebuchi, Victor Tuanwii Ideede, Felix Eedee Konne, Fyneface Chikadibia Amadi, Friday Ogidigba

Archives of Current Research International, Page 38-41
DOI: 10.9734/acri/2021/v21i530248

Increased prevalence and incidence rates within ethnic minorities have been reported by numerous studies on tribal differences in type 2 diabetes patients, sharing a western setting. This study was aimed at comparing glycemic indices among different ethnic groups residing in Yenegoa, Bayelsa State. The study population consisted of apparently150 healthy male and female subjects; 116 Ijaws, 21 Igbos and 13 Yorubas residing in Yenagoa Local Government Area, Bayelsa State of Nigeria. All subjects were aged between 16 and 48 years. 4 mls of Blood samples was collected from each subject. 2mls of the blood was withdrawn into EDTA for HbA1c estimation while the other 2mls was withdrawn into fluoride oxalate for fasting blood glucose. Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was determined using the automated CLOVER A1c Analyser while FBG was assayed using Glucose Oxidase Method. Results revealed that there was a significant difference in the mean levels of FBG among the studied groups (P-value < 0.05) but there was no significant difference in the HbA1c mean levels (P-value > 0.05). This study has revealed that ethnic differences may cause significant changes on fasting blood glucose but may not in HbA1c.