Monkeypox Disease with Predominant Genital Symptoms: A Nigerian Case Report

Golden Owhonda

Department of Public Health and Disease Control, Rivers State Ministry of Health, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Ihuoma Aaron Wali *

Department of Community Medicine, College of Medical Sciences, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Ifeoma Nwadiuto

Department of Public Health and Disease Control, Rivers State Ministry of Health, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Victor Abikor

Department of Public Health and Disease Control, Rivers State Ministry of Health, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Livingstone Solomon

University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Anwuri Luke

Department of Community Medicine, College of Medical Sciences, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Hastings Onu

Nigerian Field and Laboratory Epidemiology Practice, Nigeria.

Victor Onyiri

Department of Public Health and Disease Control, Rivers State Ministry of Health, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Ndubuisi Akpuh

Department of Public Health and Disease Control, Rivers State Ministry of Health, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Mpox presents typically with macular papular body rashes with similar-looking sores in genital or oral areas. It may be missed, or wrongly managed as sexually transmitted infections (STI), especially in settings where symptom-based treatment practices are sufficient for care.

We describe a 40-year-old cisgender male, heterosexual Nigerian who developed some rash in the genital region associated with penile swelling. It was suspected to be syphilis and managed with presumptive antibiotics. Laboratory investigation (PCR) confirmed that it was a Mpox disease, and VDRLT was negative. Notably, in this case, the early symptoms were a paradigm case of Mpox disease presenting as an STI, which syndromically conformed more to an STI than the case definition for a suspected case of Mpox in our setting. Consequently, the expected early containment activities were delayed. This increased the potential of further disease spread. An Update of the standard case definition as well as a reclassification of the disease as a possible STI is recommended for enhanced surveillance, increased case detection, and reduction in the burden of unrecognized cases.

Keywords: Mpox, STI, case definition, syphilis, surveillance


How to Cite

Owhonda , G., Wali , I. A., Nwadiuto , I., Abikor , V., Solomon , L., Luke , A., Onu , H., Onyiri , V., & Akpuh , N. (2023). Monkeypox Disease with Predominant Genital Symptoms: A Nigerian Case Report. Archives of Current Research International, 23(2), 36–42. https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2023/v23i2557

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