Epidemiological Profile of Meningitis in the State of Para, Amazonia between the Years 2018-2022

Thiago Augusto Ferreira Dos Anjos *

University of the Amazon (UNAMA), Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil.

Ana Paula Ferreira David

University of the Amazon (UNAMA), Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil.

Aline Moraes Monteiro

State University of Pará (UEPA), Belém, Pará, Brazil.

Daniele Nunes Da Silva Ferreira

University of the Amazon (UNAMA), Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil.

Larissa Mota Da Costa

Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Belém, Pará, Brazil.

Joana Wanderley Corrêa

University of the Amazon (UNAMA), Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil.

Misma Suely Gonçalves Araújo De Lima

Federal University of Pará (UFPA), Belém, Pará, Brazil.

Josenilda Silva Moraes

Metropolitan College of the Amazon (FAMAZ), Belém, Pará, Brazil.

Sebastião Kauã De Sousa Bispo

University of the Amazon (UNAMA), Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil.

Sarah Caroline Gonçalves Furtado

University of the Amazon (UNAMA), Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil.

Marcela Raíssa Asevedo Dergan

University of the Amazon (UNAMA), Ananindeua, Pará, Brazil.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Objective: Analyze the epidemiological profile of meningitis in the state of Pará, Amazon, from 2018 to 2022.

Methodology: This is an ecological, retrospective, and descriptive-exploratory study, using data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN), made available on the website of the Department of Information of the Brazilian Unified Health System (DATASUS).

Results: In the state of Pará, from 2018 to 2022, 1,680 cases were confirmed. The absolute number of cases per year was 508 (30%) in 2018. Males were the most affected with 966 cases (57.5%), and the age group of 20-39 years had the highest number of cases with 584. Regarding race, parda (mixed race) remains in first place with 1,472 cases. In terms of disease progression, the number of cases with a discharge is leading with 1,309, followed by the etiology, Viral Meningitis (MV), and Bacterial Meningitis (MB), which have the highest number of cases with a discharge.

Conclusion: It can be inferred that the study in the state of Pará is essential for data collection and information regarding the disease, subsequently highlighting the main profiles and characteristics of the disease. Furthermore, the research proves to be important as the highest number of disease notifications occurred in the years 2018, 2019, and 2022.

Keywords: Meningitis, epidemiology, health surveillance system


How to Cite

Anjos , T. A. F. D., David , A. P. F., Monteiro , A. M., Ferreira , D. N. D. S., Costa , L. M. D., Corrêa , J. W., Lima , M. S. G. A. D., Moraes , J. S., Bispo , S. K. D. S., Furtado , S. C. G., & Dergan , M. R. A. (2023). Epidemiological Profile of Meningitis in the State of Para, Amazonia between the Years 2018-2022 . Archives of Current Research International, 23(7), 18–26. https://doi.org/10.9734/acri/2023/v23i7587

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Cruz M, Alves T, Nunes I, Gisele de A. Epidemiological profile of viral meningitis in the state of Bahia between 2007 and 2018. Revista Brasileira de Neurologia e Psiquiatria [Internet]; 2020.

Access on3 Jul 2023;22;24(1).

Silva AFT da, Valente F de S, Sousa LD de, Cardoso PNM, Silva MA da, Santos DR dos. Epidemiological study on bacterial meningitis in Brazil from 2009 to 2018. Revista de Medicina [Internet]. 2021; 100(3):220–8.

Access on Jul 3, 2023.

Brazil M da S. Notifiable Diseases Information System. Meningitis. Ministry of Health; 2016.

Junior AMM, Nicoletti GP, Santos ECG. Meningitis: Brief analysis of the epidemiological profile in Brazil-Br, in the years 2018 and 2019. Revista International Journal of Development Research [Internet]. 2021;11(1).

Available:http://www.journalijdr.com/meningite-breve-análise-sobre-o-perfil-epidemiológico-no-brasil-br-nos-anos-de-2018-e-2019

Access on 3 Jul 2023.

Aguiar TS, Fonseca MC, Santos MC, Nicoletti GP, Alcoforado DS, Santos SC et al. Epidemiological profile of meningitis in Brazil, based on data from DataSUS in the years 2020 and 2021. Res Soc Dev [Internet]; 2022;11(3):e50811327016.

Available:https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i3.27016

Access on 3 Jul 2023.

World Health Organization. Meningitis; 2021. Available:https://www.who.int/news/item/28-09-2021-who-and-partners-call-for-urgent-action-on-meningitis

Ribeiro IG, Percio J, Moraes CD. Evaluation of the national meningococcal disease surveillance system: Brazil, 2007-2017. Epidemiology Serv Saude [Internet]. 2019;28(3). Available:https://doi.org/10.5123/s1679-49742019000300009

Access on 3 Jul 2023.

Brazil M da S. Notifiable diseases information system. Meningitis: Epidemiological Situation; 2021.

Brazil M da S. Notifiable diseases information system. Epidemiological situation of meningitis in Brazil. Ministry of Health; 2022.

Nunes AL, Costa KA, Santos GP, Barbosa AF. Epidemiological profile of meningitis in the state of Pará, from 2010 to 2020. Rev Eletrônica Acervo Saúde [Internet]. 2022; 15(7):e10539.. Available:https://doi.org/10.25248/reas.e10539.2022

Access on 3 Jul 2023

IBGE IB of G and E. Pará | Cities and States | IBGE; 2022.

BRASIL. M da S. Resolution No. 510, of Provides for specific ethical guidelines for the human and social sciences (CHS). Brasilia D; 2016.

Available:https://conselho.saude.gov.br/resolucoes/2016/Reso510.pdf

Dias FC, Rodrigues Junior CA, Cardoso CR, Veloso FP, Rosa RT, Figueiredo BN. Meningitis: Epidemiological aspects of the disease in northern Brazil. Rev Patol Tocantins [Internet]. 2017; 4(2):46. Available:https://doi.org/10.20873/uft.2446-6492.2017v4n2p46

Access on 3 Jul 2023.

Macedo JAM, Nicoletti GP, Santos ECG. Meningitis: Brief analysis of the epidemiological profile in Brazil, in the years 2018 and 2019. International Journal of Development Research [Internet]. 2021; 11(01):43751-4375.

Available:http://www.journalijdr.com/meningite-breve-análise-sobre-o-perfil-epidemiológico-no-brasil-br-nos-anos-de-2018-e-2019

Access on 5 Jul 2023.

Gonçalves NV, Miranda CD, Guedes JA, Silva LD, Barros EM, Tavares CG et al. Hepatitis B and C in the areas of three Regional Health Centers in the State of Pará, Brazil: A spatial, epidemiological and socioeconomic analysis. Cad Saude Coletiva [Internet]; 2019;27(1):1-10.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1590/1414-462x201900010394

Access on 3 Jul 2023.

Filho SLAP, Lima LMB , Dantas GLA , Silva DA , Rolim VM , Filho AMPO , Melo ITV , Junior GBS , Daher EF. Prognostic factors in critically ill patients with community-acquired bacterial meningitis and acute kidney injury. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva, [Internet]. 2018;30:(2):153-159.. Available:https://www.scielo.br/j/rbti/a/JzsWXFD6qXX9cYMyKbN3K9m/

Access on 3 Jul 2023.

Batista LF, Barbosa SM, Dias FM. Bacterial meningitis: a review. Arq Cienc Saúde UNIPAR [Internet]. 2022;26(2). Available:https://doi.org/10.25110/arqsaude.v26i2.2022.8140

Access on 3 Jul 2023.

Brasil M da S. Secretary of health surveillance. Health Surveillance Guide. Ministry of Health; 2021.

Martins CM, Neves NA, Magno V, Kfouri R. Vaccination for meningococcal disease. Female [Internet]. 2022;50(9): 8-544.

Available:https://pesquisa.bvsalud.org/portal/resource/pt/biblio-1397886

Access on:Jul 5, 2023.

Alvarenga FBF, Aranha E, Garcia MSMP. The importance of health education as an outlining parameter of the social determinants of health. Annals of the National Postgraduate Meeting [Internet]. 2019;3(1):448-452.

Available:https://scholar.google.com.br/scholar?hl=pt-BR&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=The+Importance+of+Education+in+Health+as+parameter+delineator+of+Social+Determinants +da+Health&btnG=

Access 3 Jul 2023.